The WAVR-21 in Europe

The WAVR-21 in Europe:
A Workplace & Campus Threat Assessment & Management Workshop

PLEASE NOTE New Date: June 5th & 6th, 2024
Location: The Hague, Netherlands
Cost: 850 euro ex VAT for 2 training days
Option to attend either in-person or virtually


This first of-its-kind offering will provide a European-oriented WAVR-21 training, taking into account important cultural, legal, and risk scenario differences between North America and European countries. The workshop will be especially valuable for security professionals working for USA organizations and assigned to European sites and regions.

The WAVR-21 is an evidence-based instrument for assessing the risk of targeted violence in workplace or campus environments. Developed by Drs. Stephen White and Reid Meloy of the United States, the WAVR is now in its 3rd edition and is increasingly recognized as the go-to instrument for use by multi-disciplinary teams and practitioners in these settings. An example of a structured professional judgment guide or “SPJ,” the WAVR has been applied effectively outside of the USA in other western and first world countries.


Long-time collaborators, Stephen White, co-developer of the WAVR, and Bram van der Meer, psychologist and threat assessment expert based in The Netherlands, will present threat assessment approaches they have used effectively for casework in European contexts. Their bios are included below. Dr. White will present virtually.

Who Will Benefit:

  • Corporate security professionals working for European organizations.
  • European-based corporate security professionals working for American Fortune 100 global companies, many of whom already include the WAVR in their violence prevention protocols
  • Human Resource managers and legal professionals who deal with problematic behavior within their organizations
  • Campus safety officials in institutions of higher learning
  • Mental health professionals who evaluate and advise on risk of harm to self or others
  • Other members of organization-based multidisciplinary prevention teams.

Agenda and Curriculum:

The training is a blend of didactic material, case vignette practice, case studies of workplace and campus violence in European contexts, and focused discussion of common issues. Attendees will be provided a solid introduction to using the WAVR-21. The agenda will include:

  • Comparing work and campus violence risk issues in Europe vs the USA
  • Differences in organizational dynamics and expectations between Europe and the USA
  • Universal risk factors and motives for targeted, intended violence
  • Summary of the scientific foundation and rationale for the WAVR-21
  • Illustrating the 21 WAVR factors with case examples, including from Europe
  • Triage and screening efficiencies, red flags, and late-stage warning behaviors
  • Applying the instrument in dynamic threat assessment contexts and integrating WAVR findings with professional or clinical judgment
  • Common risk topics addressed include motives, stalking, paranoia and violent delusions, problematic personality traits, the suicide-homicide link, domestic and intimate partner violence, autism and violence, bullying, threatening communications, and protective factors that buffer risk
  • Case management strategies and issues, organizational obstacles, penetrating information silos, competing legal obligations, common missteps, do’s and don’ts, interviewing strategies, managing fear and disruption, and program best practices and implementation


For further details and to register, contact Bram van der Meer:

Those who complete the training will receive a Certificate of Attendance.

Attendees are strongly encouraged to purchase a copy of the WAVR-21 manual and the accompanying forms prior to the training. Manuals will not be available at the workshop, but may be purchased directly from the publisher, Specialized Training Services:

The WAVR-21 is intended for use by both mental health professionals and non-clinicians alike, within the boundaries of their experience, training, and job expectations. More information about the WAVR may be found at


Dr. Stephen White is a psychologist and the founder and former president of Work Trauma Services, Inc., a threat assessment consulting group. Over the past 30-plus years, Dr. White has consulted on several thousand cases for numerous private and public organizations, institutions of higher education, and law enforcement and government entities in the USA and globally. He has authored or co-authored peer-reviewed chapters and journal articles on stalking, workplace and campus mass murder, autism and violence risk, and workplace trauma management. He and Dr. Reid Meloy are the co-developers of the WAVR-21, a widely recognized instrument for assessing workplace and campus violence risk, and now in its third edition. He has contributed chapters on workplace violence in the first and second editions of The International Handbook of Threat Assessment, published by Oxford University Press, and is a Contributing Editor for the Journal of Threat Assessment and Management. Dr. White previously served as an Associate Clinical Professor in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of California, San Francisco, a voluntary position. In 2022 he was the recipient of the Distinguished Achievement Award by ATAP, the Association of Threat Assessment Professionals.

Bram van der Meer is a clinical and investigative psychologist and an internationally recognized threat assessment expert with extensive experience consulting on workplace and campus cases involving threats, violence risk, stalking, and related concerning behaviors. He is the principal and director of Dantes, a threat management company based in The Hague, The Netherlands.  Mr. van der Meer previously served as a behavioral consultant at the Netherlands National Police, specializing in offender profiling, psychological interview strategy and threat assessment. In collaboration with the National Crime Faculty in the United Kingdom, he is currently engaged in a research project on anonymous threats. Mr. van der Meer contributed chapters on interviewing strategies in the first and second editions of The International Handbook of Threat Assessment, published by Oxford University Press, and is a guest lecturer at the Netherlands Police Academy and the Frankfurt School of Finance and Management. He is a Contributing Editor of the Journal of Threat Assessment and Management, and is the former president and current vice president of the Swiss-based Association of European Threat Assessment Professionals (AETAP).