Tool Kit

The following make up the WAVR-21 V3 “tools”:


  • The Manual: The extensive WAVR manual (see Table of Contents on this site) consists of a description of each of the WAVR-21 items and their coding criteria, and a succinct explanation of how each item relates to workplace or campus violence risk. Included also are program development and general prevention principles, a user’s guide, the psychodynamics of targeted violence, interviewing strategies, bias issues, case examples and case studies. The V3 manual has been greatly expanded in content.
  • Worksheet: The 21-item Worksheet consists of the risk indicator definitions and inquiry questions for coding the WAVR factors, with sections for note taking. Items are coded as either absent, present, or prominent, and for recent change. The Worksheet includes a format for structuring assessment reports and operational definitions for four “Levels of Concern”: low, moderate, high, and imminent.
  • Grid: The Grid is a one-page summary of the Worksheet, providing a quick reference for viewing the coding and risk status of a case. The Grid can be very useful as a graphic for team discussions, and for providing senior management with an evidence-based “executive summary” of a current case scenario – helping to keep conversations and decision-making focused on objective criteria.
  • Intake and Documentation Questionnaire: This form, greatly expanded from the V2 Intake form, documents identifying information and raw case data – the “who, what, when, where, and how” of incidents – chronologies of threat scenarios, and actions taken. The inquiry questions on the form relate directly to the data needed to complete the coding for the risk and protective factors on the Worksheet. The form may also serve as a document of an organization’s due diligence in response to threat cases.


  • The eWAVR: The eWAVR, a stand-alone electronic version of the WAVR-21, is available for licensing to business organizations, colleges and universities, and governmental agencies. The license is currently issued by the developers and consists of an initial fee and an annual renewal fee.  There is no per-case use fee. The eWAVR is currently being modified and improved in collaboration with an enterprise software developer, anticipated for release in early 2017. The new electronic version of the WAVR will include all the V3 content – the Intake and Documentation Questionnaire, the Worksheet, the Grid, a User’s Guide, and the third edition manual in its entirety. A number of eWAVR features will facilitate ease of use of the tools, including drop down windows and flexible views. Licensees control internal access to the eWAVR and the sensitive case material it generates. The eWAVR in software format will include an individual licensee option for clinical and forensic experts conducting formal risk assessments. Please continue to monitor this website for information on the availability date for the eWAVR V3, or contact Dr. Stephen White for additional details ( Contact us to see a 9-minute demonstration of the existing eWAVR.


Note on replacing the Short Forms: The Short Form, “Violence Risk”, is no longer included in the revised manual. The Short Form “Protect” has been incorporated within the Worksheet and manual. The authors do not consider the Short Forms obsolete, but have redesigned the Worksheet to be appropriate for all users. Users at all levels of screening, assessment, and decision making must remain mindful of the limits of their qualifications when engaging in threat management practice.